Starting early to teach road safety is our best defence.

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Road Safety for Primary Students

Kindergarten to Grade 3

Car crashes are the leading cause of death for children in Ontario. In order to reduce the potential dangers students face while on the roads, they must be taught the rules, and their role within those rules, as they relate to both pedestrian and passenger safety.

These lessons address road safety education – passenger safety, school bus safety, pedestrian safety and safe practices around riding a bicycle. Students will identify established pedestrian and road safety rules to be followed around the home, school and community.

Students will learn the definition of safety rules and safe practices through guided discussions which focuses on pedestrian and road safety.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

  • Allow students to combine health expectations with the arts (drama, role-play) and language in the Ontario curriculum to create authentic learning opportunities.
  • Engage students in a range of cooperative and collaborative learning strategies addressing differentiated instruction and multiple intelligences (kinesthetic learner).
  • Engage students in higher-order thinking through open-ended questions that prompt learners to explore various ways of thinking, such as describing, analyzing, integrating, comparing and explaining.
  • Coach and provide descriptive feedback to small groups of students or independent students during guided and independent activities.
  • Provide formative assessment practices which will allow teachers to coach students and provide descriptive feedback to small groups of students or independent students during guided and independent activities.

Cross-Curricular Linkages

Working independently as part of a small group, students will engage in learning experiences designed to meet a number of health and physical education as well as language expectations found in the primary Ontario curriculum documents.

Expectations from other content areas can be included:


  • Read stories related to the topics of pedestrian safety during the comprehensive literacy program. Consider using these stories during modeled and shared reading.
  • Create a pamphlet, poster or another type of non-fiction writing to communicate about road safety.


  • Create a bar or picto-graph showing which months of the year it would be safe to participate in cycling, rollerblading and skateboarding.


  • Create poems/songs with body accompaniment (e.g., snapping fingers, clapping) around the topic of pedestrian safety.

Visual Arts

  • Produce two- and three-dimensional works of art that communicate ideas for specific purposes and to familiar audiences.
  • Colour a road sign or signal with the appropriate colours and write the rule on the back of the sign. Signs and signals are then made into mobiles using coat hangers and string and displayed in the classroom.
  • Create a poster of one of the bus or car safety rules they must follow as a passenger.


  • Play interactive computer games to explore bus safety rules.

Social Studies

  • Plot out their walk/ride to school. Have students plot their routes on a map.

Daily Physical Activity/Physical Education

  • Run fitness activity stations using road signs as the stations where students will perform a certain exercise.

School Activities

  • Invite local police or emergency room staff to speak to the school during Road Safety, Bus Safety or Bike Safety Week.
  • Safety Poster Contest – Have classes create and display posters in the hallways. Principals or local law enforcement can judge the posters for a prize (e.g., a healthy classroom party).
  • Invite students to participate in a Road Safety Jingle contest. Students can sing their jingles over the PA system during announcements.
  • Invite local police to set up a pedestrian safety activity during an outdoor play day.
  • Safety buddies – have students pair up with older grades and go on a community walk, sharing safe practices.

See the Community Engagement Kits for more ideas, tools and tips to bring together the community for a road safety event.

See Adaptation Tips for a list of tips and aspects to consider when adapting these activities to fit your class needs.